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Paysage Midi-Pyrénées.. © INRA, CATTIAU Gilles

Portfolio of adaptation services

Updated on 04/16/2015
Published on 10/01/2014

There is already a real economic market and specialized actors (engineering consultants, development departments, foundations, insurance companies), with many emerging services, including climate change scenarios development and impact assessment. AAFCC Metaprogramme wishes to enrich the offer through the creation of a portfolio of national services based on products coming from a agro-hydro-climate modeling chain. AAFCC hopes to move towards fully integrated set-theoretic practices and procedures, so far non-existent.

Adaptation services, a moving front with high economic stakes

AAFCC portfolio of services project intends to form a generic portal on the impacts and effects of adaptation options for public and scientific users. This portal aims both to quantify the impacts of climate changes and of the practices on flows and returns, but it may also provide indicators on systems which may eventually evaluate the effectiveness of adaptation.
From a modeling chain, the portfolio will scan different elements, from climate to water resources, integrating farming or forestry practices and their conditions to limits as climate, irrigation and groundwater level. All this in order to develop an integrated water management and adaptation to climate change in agriculture and forestry (adaptive management and strategic adaptation).

Using impact assessment to provide decision-making tools to arbitrate different adaptation options

The modeling chain and the portfolio of services on the impacts of climate change for the adaptation of agriculture, forestry and management of water resources will meet the expectations of several stakeholders such as the public organizations (government departments, local authorities, ...), or managers in the field of agriculture, forestry and water, which must think, plan and anticipate changes in cropping systems, in the composition and productivity of forests, in their management, in the uses of soil and water, and therefore mediate among different ecosystem services.
The services offered will enable to evaluate through simulation impacts and uncertainties of scenarios (climate scenarios, land use, agricultural systems, ...). To test by simulation the effect of changes loops will also help, ultimately, to better anticipate adaptation options and a multi-criteria evaluation of their effectiveness.
Demand is expressed nationally or that of a region, of a territory corresponding to a sector or to a pedo-climatic context, a watershed, a basin of production or supply. To establish a link with other sectors is also important: for example, how can we adapt by integrating the issues and constraints related to energy, the development of cities or water quality?
If the portal may interest the metaprogramme’s partners thanks to its ability to accurately simulate the effects of extreme events, it also aims to be a tool for research, to stimulate a better consideration of feedback loops and linkages. This is a medium term project, which will be developed in stages, nationwide. It includes a scientific as well as technical dimension (process representation, estimating uncertainties, data assimilation, generic aspect of the developed databases) and is interested in many things like water quality, the cost / benefit of adaptation options or the valuation of ecosystem services.

Poster displayed at the conference Climate Smart Agriculture in Montpellier (March 2015): Poster Portfolio of services - Conference Climate Smart Agriculture in Montpellier (March 2015)